The quick answer: Stock your pantry with alliums—onions, leeks, chives, scallions, and garlic. The combination of nutrients, flavor, and value makes them a superfood.
Dead Food vs. Live Food
For Food Inc.—the guys who make their living pushing processed foods—the ideal product uses cheap highly-processed ingredients, has a long shelf life (meaning it’s dead), has enough sugar/salt to be mildly addictive, and has been marketed until it’s known by a non-food name. The non-food name is the key that it may be unhealthy.
Here are some past examples: Jell-O (basically sugar, gelatin from the hooves of animals, plus artificial flavors). Oreos (sugar, refined flour, vegetable oil, alkali-processed cocoa, high fructose corn syrup, artificial flavor, etc.) You get the picture.
Bottom line—eat food that still has a food name. Like carrots, beets, squash, spinach to name a few kids avoid but are actually delicious in the hands of a skilled cook.
Eat More Vegetables
Vegetables are a challenge for Americans. If you exclude French fries and tomato ketchup, we average just 1-2 servings daily. Years of eating sugary processed foods has undermined our appetite for real food. So eight of the Healthy Changes encourage vegetable consumption. (Fruit is easy to enjoy, it gets just one Healthy Change.)
Here are the eight pro-vegetable Healthy Changes:
#6: Enjoy a green salad daily.
#12: Include dark greens in your diet.
#19: Plant a vegetable garden.
#25: Include the allium family, daily if possible. (This week’s HC.)
#32: Include legumes in your diet.
#38: Enjoy cruciferous vegetables (cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, etc.).
#45: Eat tomatoes.
#51: Improve your cooking with mushrooms.
The Allium Family
Alliums are the humblest of foods. Onions, garlic, chives, leeks, and shallots compose the family. They’re rich in nutrients, flavorful, and always a good value. Worried about cancer? The alliums will reduce your risk. (If you Google “onion, anticancer” you get 133K hits; double that to 260K for “garlic, anticancer.”) They also reduce your risk of neurological diseases such as Alzheimer’s. Depending who you’re reading, our single “healthiest food” is either garlic or onions.
Alliums are rich in phytonutrients like polyphenols, especially flavonoids. They also contain vitamins and minerals. If you’re worried about inflammatory diseases like arthritis eat alliums, especially garlic.
Alliams for Flavor
Herbs and spices are used to flavor food but some vegetables have their own flavor These are called aromatics. In cooking, the three basic aromatics are onions, carrots, and celery. Together they’re called mirepoix and are used to flavor stock (along with thyme and bay leaf).
It’s said that French cooking is built on the allium family of garlic, onions, scallions (green onions), leeks and chives. I wondered if this is true. I have a copy of Patricia Wells’ book Simply French, Presenting the Cuisine of Joel Robuchon. Robuchon is claimed to be the preeminent working French chef so I looked over the 70 recipes in Wells’ book. Of 70 recipes, 54 included one or more alliums. Now that's an endorsement.
The French Miracle
The French Miracle began back in the era when we thought saturated fats like butter caused heart disease. The French ate lots of buttery foods but perversely had little heart disease. Some claimed the red wine was the protecting food. Now others are claiming that their use of alliums is at least part of the solution.
Healthy Change #25: Include alliums in your dietary—daily if possible.
Please comment: Share your favorite ways of adding alliums to your diet. The Beautiful Wife has always used chives (green onions) in her salads. She likes garlic also (Hint: “Garlick” was her mom’s maiden name). And I enjoy making stock and also Skip’s Potato Onion Soup. But we’re going to enjoy alliums more—they’re the best health value around.